There are different types of volcanoes: those that are active, those that erupted and, on the other hand, the inactive and extinct. The most dangerous ones are those that erupted in recent years and may erupt again (although it does not always happen). Global Vulcanism defines active volcanoes as those that "erupted in the last 10,000 years."
According to Universe Today, there are 500 active volcanoes in the world today. "Even reading this it is likely that 20 volcanoes are erupting," he added. Two of them happened in Hawaii (in mid-May) and in Guatemala (at the beginning of June).
Now, what are the most active volcanoes in Latin America?
Tungurahua Volcano in Ecuador
The volcano located in Ecuador, which erupted in October 2015, is one of the most active in Latin America.
Cotopaxi Volcano in Ecuador
In Ecuador there is also the Cotopaxi, which erupted in 2015. The vicinity had to be evacuated and there were 60 days of emergency in nearby towns.
Ubinas volcano in Peru
It was an inactive volcano, but in 2015 it erupted again and, according to Wired, it was a foretaste of more violent eruptions.
Calbuco Volcano in Chile
In 2015 it erupted and generated a large cloud of ash throughout the country. It is one of the most active in the area (between Chile and Argentina).
Arenal Volcano in Costa Rica
It is one of the most active volcanoes in Latin America (and the world). In the moments of more tranquility, it becomes a place to visit if you are in the country.
Pacaya Volcano in Guatemala
This country has the most volcanoes in Central America and many of them are active, such as the Pacaya. But its level is quite low (unlike the Fuego volcano that erupted in June and had already done so in February).
Latin America, a place for active volcanoes
In Chile there are, according to Trip Savvy, more than 123 active volcanoes. "It has the largest number of historically active volcanoes in the region," explained the global volcano program and ranks fifth worldwide, according to the site.
Most of the active volcanoes in Latin America are located on the southern edge of the North American tectonic plate and its boundary with the Caribbean tectonic plate. Mexico, El Salvador and Guatemala are in the area (perhaps that's why it is explained that the Volcán de Fuego, which erupted in 2018, is one of the most active in all of Latin America).
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