Stress enhances the action of the endocrine system and generates physical changes in the body, leading to emotional discontent and even creating illness. An alternative to figuring out the time to slow down is to observe the signs and symptoms of stress in the body.
What is stress and why do we feel it?
According to psychiatrist Elizabeth Zamerul Ally, who is also a psychotherapist and a specialist in chemical dependency and codependency, the body reacts to moments of tension or threat with the activation of alertness, which promotes several biochemical reactions in order to save the person possible danger.
Among them are the almost immediate production and release of neuro substances created by the adrenal gland, the so-called catecholamines, such as adrenaline, noradrenaline, and cortisol. The first two dilate the blood vessels of vital organs of the body in order to preserve them before the risk situation, and they diminish the circulation of the less important places. The second one increases blood glucose and turns fat into available energy.
The problem is that in the long run, the release of hormones increases the risk of heart disease and triglycerides, reduces insulin production and still affects the immune system, leaving the body fragile microorganisms evil.
In the long run, stress can cause psychiatric illnesses such as panic disorder and anxiety disorder, adrenal gland insufficiency, thyroid problems, dysregulation of the menstrual cycle and even diabetes. "There is still no consensus as to why a person develops from stress to illness, but the hormonal changes he brings cause significant organic and mental repercussions," notes psychiatrist Elizabeth Zamerul Ally.
The psychiatrist says that stress symptoms in the body vary according to the body and personality of each person. Non-specific, there may be:
- Excessive and constant strain
- Muscle pain
- Fatigue that arises even after simple activities
- Cold sweat
- Difficulty sleeping
- Shortness of breath
- Dizziness and vertigo
- Weak memory
- Dry mouth
- Hair loss (Alopecia areata)
Despite this, the presence of symptoms alone does not characterize stress. "Each sign needs to be analyzed in conjunction with other concomitant manifestations, in addition to the entire context of the person, history of symptoms and circumstances," the expert recalls.
Body Stress Symptoms
Stress can still cause or aggravate skin diseases in a phenomenon called psychodermatosis, such as allergic contact dermatitis, dandruff, psoriasis, vitiligo and excessive sweating.
The worsening of herpes pictures also arises as a result of decreased immunity.
How to control it?
Like most diseases, the triad of healthy eating, physical exercise, and changing habits can help. The last action refers to sleeping properly, abandoning addictions and trying to maintain a balance between work, family, and leisure.
The practice of meditation and relaxing activities, such as Yoga, also helps.
If the individual can not alleviate the sensation alone, it is indicated the realization of psychotherapy, which will help you to live the present, stop pursuing the impossible and have positive thoughts.
The use of medications is only indicated if the psychiatrist understands that the well-being of the individual is affected by the reaction. In this case, mainly tranquilizers are prescribed.
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