The city of Vila Velha, in Espirito Santo, Brazil, registered a surprising event at the Hospital Praia da Costa. In one month, three babies were born via en-caul birth, in which the child comes into the world still inside the amniotic sac.
One of these births was registered by photographer Janaina Oliveira, known as Jana Brasil. On January 28th, 2019, Noah was born. Monyk and Wanderson Velasco's second son. The photos are amazing.
Baby in the amniotic sac intact
The parents came up with the idea of having Janaina present during the birth of the boy to capture the moment. According to the photographer, who talked to VIX, she has a partnership with obstetrician Rafael Angelo Avance Baggieri, who usually advertises her work to his patients.
"They follow my work through social media and start sharing with others. 95% of them want to capture it, not only the birth but the family's reaction when meeting the baby. It's really beautiful," she says.
One of Baggieri's patients that found Janina's work was Monyk, Noah's mom.
However, the Velasco family had no idea that the new member of their family would arrive in such a different way.
Baby in the amniotic sac: family's reaction
Janaina said that, even though Noah came into the world in such a different way, everyone reacted with amazement.
"It was amazing to watch him all nice and easy inside the intact sac. He made faces, opened his eyes, pouted, it was beautiful," Janaina recalls.
According to Janaina, the fact that Noah was the second en-caul birth in 2019 made the whole medical team go down to the delivery room.
What they couldn't know was that there was going to be a third en-caul birth in two days.
"On January 30th we also delivered Matias in an en-caul birth. A month full of babies and three rare en-caul births."
En-caul birth: Why does it happen
It usually happens when, before the amniotic sac has ruptured, the mother is already dilated enough for the baby to be born.
This kind of birth can happen both via natural birth and c-section, and it is even more common in premature babies.
There's no precise scientific explanation for this type of occurrence, but experts guarantee that it offers no risk for the mother or the baby.
As soon as they take the baby out of their mother, the sac is cut open and the baby can breathe - just like a traditional birth.